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Mary Margaret Capraro
Associate Professor, Mathematics Education,
Department of Teaching Learning and Culture
College of Education and Human Development
Texas A & M University
421 Harrington Tower
Phone: (979) 8458384
Fax: (979) 8459663
Email: mmcapraro@tamu.edu
Education
1997 2000 University of Southern Mississippi. Hattiesburg, MS
Doctor of Philosophy  Curriculum and Instruction emphasis in Mathematics Education, Minor in Research and Statistics
1991  1993 University of Miami. Miami, FL
Educational Specialist Mathematics and Science Resource Training
1973  1975 University of Miami. Miami, FL
Master of Science Administration and Supervision
1967  1971 Barry University. Miami, FL
Bachelor of Art English with Elementary Education Minor
Employment History
2011  pres. Associate Professor, Texas A & M University
2007 – 2011 Assistant Professor, Texas A & M University
2006 – 2007 Clinical Associate Professor, Texas A & M University
2000 – 2006 Clinical Assistant Professor, Texas A & M University
Integrated Mathematics and Science Methods
Liaison for PDS: Bryan Independent School District
Integrated Methods Block Team Leader
Graduate Program Secondary Math Methods (Post Baccalaureate)
Project Coordinator for Improving Mathematics Teacher Practice and Student Learning through Professional Development (NSF Grant)
1999 2000 University of Southern Mississippi Hattiesburg, MS
Graduate Assistant
Hall Director with the Department of Residence Life
1994 1997 Florida International University Miami, FL
Adjunct Professor
Mathematics Methods for Elementary Teachers
1986  1999 MiamiDade County Public Schools Miami, FL
Assistant Principal
In charge of curriculum, testing, finances and behavior management
1971  1986 MiamiDade County Public Schools
Teacher
Grades K6. Vocational, Adult, and ESOL
Publications

*Capraro, M. M., An, S. A., Ma, T., RangelChavez, A. F., & Harbaugh, A. (2012, In Press). An investigation of preservice teachers’ reflections on using guess and check in problem solving. Journal of Mathematical Behavior. 31, 105116. doi:10.1016/j.jmathb.2011.10.002

Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., & Cifarelli, V. (2012, In Press). Openended problem solving tasks for preservice middlegrades teachers that elicit mathematical reasoning. International Journal of University Teaching and Faculty Development, 2

*Matteson, S., Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2012, Fall, In Press). Extricating justification scheme theory in middle school problem solving. Investigations in Mathematics Learning.

*Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., & Jones, M. (2012, In Press). Numeracy and algebra: Path to full participation in community society? Reading Psychology.

Capraro, M. M. (2012, In Press). A tale of two cities: Do textbooks account for differences in Latino second grade students understanding of the equal sign. Journal of Urban Education and Practice.

Rupley, W., Capraro, R. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2011). Theorizing an integration of reading and mathematics: Solving mathematical word problems in the elementary grades. LEARNing Landscapes, Special issue: Mind, Brain and Education, 5, 227250.

*Capraro, R. M., Yetkiner, Z. E., Özel, S., Corlu, M. S., Capraro, M. M., Ye, S., & Kim, H. G. (2011). An international perspective between problem types in textbooks and students’ understanding of relational equality. Mediterranean Journal for Research in Mathematics Education: An International Journal, 10, 187213.

*Han, S. Y., Rosli, R., Capraro R. M. & Capraro, M. M. (2011). The textbook analysis on probability: The case of Korea, Malaysia, and U. S. textbooks. Journal of the Korea Society of Mathematics Education Series D: Research in Mathematical Education, 15(2), 127140.

Capraro, R. M., Capraro, M. M., & Rupley, W. (2011). Reading enhanced word problem solving (REPS): A theoretical model. European Journal of Psychology of Education. DOI:10.1007/S1021201100683.

*An, S, Capraro, M. M., & Hao, H. (2011, In Press). Ideological representations in mathematics textbooks in China during the cultural revolution decade: A relational analysis of selected textbooks from 1966–1976. Journal of Curriculum Theorizing International Division.

Capraro, M. M., & Shih, J. (2011). Middle school mathematics: Current issues in teacher preparation and student learning. Middle Grades Research Journal, 5(4), ixx.

*Ding, M., Li, X., Capraro, M. M., & Kulm, G. (2011, In Press). A case study of teacher responses to doubling error and difficulty in learning equivalent fractions. Investigations in Mathematics Learning, 4(2), 4273.

*Piccolo, D., Capraro, M. M., & Capraro, R. M. (2011). Student teachers’ general and contentspecific pedagogical development within a mathematics milieu. Middle Grades Research Journal, 5(4),169183.

+*An, S.A., Ma, T., & Capraro, M. M. (2011). Preservice teachers’ beliefs and attitude about teaching and learning mathematics through music: An intervention study. School Science and Mathematics. 111, 235247.

**Kilgore, K., & Capraro M. M. (2010). Teaching factorization with Smartboard technology. Journal of Mathematics Education, 3(2), 115125.

Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., Carter, T., & Harbaugh, A. (2010) Questioning, curiosity, and representing: What makes a difference mathematically in middleschool classrooms? Research in Middle level Education Online, 34(4), 119.

Capraro, R. M., Capraro, M. M., & Rupley, W. H. (2010). Semantics and syntax: A theoretical model for how students may build mathematical misunderstandings. Journal of Mathematics Education, 3(2), 5866.

Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., Yetkiner, Z. E., RangelChavez, A. F., & Lewis, C. W. (2010). Examining Hispanic student mathematics performance on highstakes tests: An examination of one urban school district in Colorado. Urban Review, 42, 193209.

**Rowntree, R., & Capraro, M. M. (2010). Understanding and aiding students’ perceptions of algebraic inequalities. Texas Mathematics Teacher. Fall, 1017.

*Capraro, R. M., Özel, S., Capraro, M. M., Yetkiner, Z. E., Kim, H. G., & Küçük, A. R. (2010). An international comparison of the equal sign: An update. Psychological Reports. 106(1), 4953.

*Piccolo, D., Capraro, M. M., & Capraro, R. M. (2010). Mentoring urban interns: Amalgamation of experiences in the formation of mathematics teachers. The Teacher Educator, 45(1), 3753.

**Capraro, M. M., & Belliston, A. (2009). Middle school preservice teachers’ notions of representativeness: A replication study. Tennessee Association of Middle School Journal. 41, 110.

Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., & Helfeldt, J. (2010). Do differing types of field experiences make a difference in teacher candidates’ perceived level of competence? Teacher Education Quarterly, 37(1), 131154.

Ye, S., Kulm, G., & Capraro, M. M. (2009). Middle grade teachers’ use of textbooks and their classroom instruction. Journal of Mathematics Education, 2(2), 2037.

Capraro, R. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2009). Quantitative reporting practices in middlegrades research journals: Lessons to learn. Middle Grades Research Journal, 4(2),110.

*Yetkiner, Z. E., & Capraro, M. M. (2009). Teaching fractions in middle grades mathematics. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from http://www.nmsa.org/Research/ResearchSummaries/TeachingFractions/tabid/1866/Default.aspx

Helfeldt, J., Capraro, R. M., Capraro, M. M., Foster, E. S., & Carter, N. (2009). An urban schoolsuniversity partnership that prepares and retains quality teachers for "high need" schools. The Teacher Educator, 44(1), 120.

*Piccolo, D., Carter, T., Harbaugh, A., Capraro, M. M., & Capraro, R. M. (2008). Quality of instruction: Examining discourse in middle school mathematics instruction. Journal of Advanced Academics, 19, 376410.

Zientek, L., Capraro, M. M. &, Capraro, R. M. (2008). Reporting practices in quantitative teacher education research: One look at the evidence cited in the AERA panel report. Educational Researcher, 37, 208216.

Li, X., Ding M., Capraro, M. M., & Capraro, R. M. (2008). Sources of differences in children's understandings of mathematical equality: Comparative analysis of teacher guides and student texts in China and the United States. Cognition and Instruction, 26, 195217.

Slate, J. R., Capraro, M. M., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2007). Students’ stories of their best and poorest K5 teachers: A mixed data analysis. Journal of Educational Research & Policy Studies, 7(2), 5379.

*Capraro, R. M., Capraro, M. M., Ding, M., & Li, X. (2007). Thirty years of research: Interpretations of the equal sign. Psychological Reports, 101, 78486.

Capraro, R. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2007). Pedagogy and curriculum: Antithetical constructs or a nexus in mathematics education? Journal of Curriculum and Pedagogy, 4(1), 3439.

Kulm, G., Capraro, R. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2007). Teaching and learning middle grades mathematics with understanding. Middle Grades Research Journal, 2, 2348.

*Capraro, M. M., Ding, M., Matteson, S., Capraro, R. M., & Li, X. (2007). Representational implications for understanding equivalence. School Science and Mathematics Journal, 107, 8688.

Capraro, M. M. (2006) Electronic teaching portfolios: Technology skills + portfolio development: Do they = powerful preservice teachers? Teacher Education and Practice, 19, 380390.

**Capraro, M. M., & Joffrian, H. (2006). Algebraic equations: Can middleschool students meaningfully translate from words to mathematical symbols? Reading Psychology, 27, 147 – 164.

Capraro, R. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2006). Are you really going to read us a story? Learning geometry through children’s mathematics literature. Reading Psychology 27, 2136.

Capraro, M. M. (2005). An introduction to confidence intervals for both statistical estimates and effect sizes. Research in the Schools, 12(2), 22 – 32.

Capraro, R. M., Capraro, M. M., Parker, D., Kulm, G., & Raulerson, T. (2005). The mathematics content knowledge role in developing preservice teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 20, 102118.

Capraro, M. M., Kulm, G., & Capraro, R. M. (2005). Middle grades: Misconceptions in statistical thinking. School Science and Mathematics Journal, 105, 165174.

Capraro, M.M. (2005). A more parsimonious mathematics beliefs scales. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 9(3), 8388.

Henson, R., Capraro, R. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2004). Reporting practice and use of exploratory factor analysis in educational research journals. Research in the Schools, 11(2), 6172.

Capraro, M. M. (2003). Measure for measure. Illinois Mathematics Journal, 54(1), 35.

Capraro, M. M. (2003). Measuring with nonstandard units. Wisconsin Teachers of Mathematics Journal, 54(1), 710.

Capraro, M. M., & Capraro, R. M. (2003). Exploring the APA fifth edition publication manual’s impact on the analytic preferences of journal editorial board members. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 63, 554565.

Capraro, M. M. (2003). Tired of using worksheets? Texas Mathematics Teacher, 45 (1), 911.

Capraro, M. M. (2002). Defining constructivism: Its influence on the problem solving skills of students. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(4), 97.

Capraro, R. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2002). Treatment of effect sizes and statistical significance tests in textbooks. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 62, 771782.

Capraro, R. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2002). MyersBriggs type indicator score reliability across studies: A metaanalytic reliability generalization study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 62, 590602.

Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., & Henson, R. K. (2001). Measurement error of scores on the mathematics anxiety rating scale across studies. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 61, 373386.

Capraro, M. M., & Capraro, R. M. (2001). Bigger is not better: Seeking parsimony in canonical correlation analysis via variable deletion strategies. Multiple Linear Regression Viewpoints, 27(2), 2433.

Capraro, R. M., & Capraro M. M. (2001). Commonality analysis: Understanding variance contributions to overall canonical correlation effects of attitude toward mathematics on geometry achievement. Multiple Linear Regression Viewpoints, 27(2), 1623.
PeerReviewed Proceedings

Rosli, R., Gonzalez y Gonzalez, E., & Capraro, M. M. (2011). A case study of three preservice teachers on the units and unitizing of fractions. In Wiest, L. R., & Lamberg, T. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd annual meeting of the North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (pp. 16821689). Reno, NV: University of Nevada.

Rosli, R., Goldsby, D., & Capraro, M. M. (2011). Exploring preservice teachers’ abilities to pose division scenarios. In Wiest, L. R., & Lamberg, T. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd annual meeting of the North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (pp. 11251132). Reno, NV: University of Nevada.

*Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., Rosli, R., Han, S. Y., Harbaugh, A., & Moch, P. L. (2011). Teacher educator strategies for improving preservice teachers’ knowledge of fractions. In J. Novotna & H. Moraova (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Elementary Mathematics Teaching (pp. 8895). Prague, Czech Republic: Charles University Press.

Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., Stearns, L., & Morgan, J. (2011). A teacher observation instrument: Looking at PBL classroom instruction. Proceedings of the 9^{th} annual Hawaii International Conference on Education, Honolulu, HI.

Maher, C. A., Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., Capraro, R. M., & Landis, J. (2011). Tasks that elicit mathematical reasoning in students. Proceedings of the 9^{th} annual Hawaii International Conference on Education, Honolulu, HI.

Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., Harbaugh, A., Cifarelli, V., Pugalee, D., & Lamm, M. (2009). Developing proportional reasoning across ideas of equality (Series of Workshops). In J. Novotna & H. Moraova (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Elementary Mathematics Teaching (pp.267269). Prague, Czech Republic: Charles University Press.

*Capraro, M. M., RangelChavez, A., & Capraro, R. M. (2008). Effective preparation for teaching of algebra at the primary level. Proceedings of the 11^{th} meeting of the International Congress on Mathematical Education. Monterrey, México.

Capraro, M. M., Capraro, R. M., & Cifarelli, V. V. (2007). What are students thinking as they solve openended mathematics problems? In D. K. Pugalee, A. Rogerson, & A. Schnick (Eds.), Proceedings of the ninth international conference of Mathematics Education in a Global Community (pp. 124128). Charlotte, NC: The University of North Carolina.

**Capraro, R. M., Kulm, G., Hammer, M., & Capraro, M. M. (2002). The origin and persistence of misconceptions in statistical thinking. In D. S. Mewborn, P. Sztajn, D. Y. White, H. G. Wiegel, R. L. Bryant, & K. Nooney (Eds.), Proceedings of the twentyfourth annual meeting of the North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. (Vol. 3. pp. 13391340). Columbus, OH: ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education.

Cetin, S. C., Corlu, M. S., Capraro, M. M., & Capraro, R. M. (2011). A latent growth model: Longitudinal investigation of student achievement in mathematics and science. In B. Ubuz (Ed.). Proceedings of the 35^{th} Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (PME). Ankara, Turkey: PME Program Committee.
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