Section 1 Core –
“Cities of Vesuvius -Pompeii and Herculaneum”
Source 1 (–a poem extract from Florus)
“Campania’s coastal region is the finest, not only in Italy
But in the entire world. Nowhere is the climate gentler.
Spring comes with its flowers twice a year. Nowhere is the soil
Here are the vine clad hills, and the most beautiful of all
Vesuvius. On that coast lie the cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii
Source –Florus –Brief History 1.11.3-6
Q1a) In what region is Mt Vesuvius ?
(2 lines left for answer) – 1 mark
b) What features of the region does Flores praise in Source 1?
(3 lines – 2 marks)
c) Source 2( –a photograph of a fountain)
Using Source 2 and your own knowledge, explain the ways in which water was distributed in Pompeii and Herculaneum.
(12 lines –half a page -4 marks)
Source 3 –(a photo of the temple of Isis in Pompeii)
Source4: (photo of Statuette of Fortuna with statuettes of Lares on either side)
Using Sources 3 and 4 and your own knowledge of other sources, describe what the evidence shows about religion in Pompeii and Herculaneum.
(About 28 lines -8 marks)
Source 5 – Photo unavailable – to be advised
From - Christopher Charles Parslow, Rediscovering Antiquity, Karl Weber and the Excavation of Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae, 1996, Cambridge University Press
Source 6: modern photo of 1993 tunnel excavation under Herculaneum.
Using Sources 5 and 6 and your own knowledge, assess the different methods used by archaeologists over time to investigate the sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
(1½ pages -10 marks)
Society -Q12 Option I (your 2nd Question)
Spartan society to the battle of Leuctra 371 BC
a) Name 2 ancient Authors who wrote about Sparta 2 marks
b) What was the syssitia 3 marks
c) With reference to Source 15 and other sources, describe the main features of Spartan religious festivals. 8 marks
Source15: Statue of Apollo found in Laconia
d) Explain the importance of the army in Spartan Society 12 marks
Personality -— Option G
– Greece: Pericles (your 3rd Question)
Question 20 25 marks
(a) Describe Pericles’ relationship with the Athenians. 10 marks
(b) Assess the achievements of Pericles. 15 marks
Question 33 — Option H –
Greece: The Greek world 500–440 BC
(Your 4th Question)
(a) Assess the importance of naval battles in the course of the Persian Wars.
(b) Explain the roles and contributions of Aristides the Just and Cimon to the Delian League.
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