Canada and world war II – Part One



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CANADA AND WORLD WAR II – Part One
Key Concepts : total war collective security totalitarianism

Isolationism containment appeasement

Axis & allies
1. Why was Prime Minister Mackenzie-King initially reluctant to involve Canada in WWII? (page 127)
2. Provide examples of “total war”. (pages 132)

3. Distinguish between Allies and Axis (page 133)

4. Using the information in the text (pages 133-135), develop a “map and notes” summary of Axis expansion to 1942. Include any italicized or quotation mark – referenced terms from the text.

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CANADA AND WORLD WAR II – Part Two
1. The Dieppe Raid – read pages 142. Why was the raid unsuccessful? Was it a disaster or learning experience? Justify your response.

2. Canadians at Sea/In the Air

a. read page 138 and 139 and make notes on our RCN, WREN’s, corvettes, and Bomber Command

b. What role did the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) play during the course of the war? (page 139)


3. Identify and describe three innovations created through advances in war technology. (page 140-41)


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CANADA AND WORLD WAR II – Part Three

The term “Turn of the Tide” refers to the year 1942, when Axis powers (Italy, German, Japan) went on the defensive and Allied powers (Britain, United States, Soviet Union, Canada) went on the offensive. With the United States now in the war, and making advances against the Japanese forces in the Pacific, it was now time to turn toward defeating Hitler’s Fortress Europe. The Battle of the Atlantic began to favour the Allied forces (see previous notes) and continuous bombing of German factories by the U.S., Canadian and British bomber crews weakened Germany’s ability to wage war. The “lessons of disaster” at Dieppe would be used to plan the final assault on Nazi-occupied Europe.


Study the map: Allied advances on Germany, 1942-1945 on page 115. Pay particular attention to the legend (key) and the arrow flow.
1. Why did British Prime Minister Churchill believe that Italy was the best location to launch the invasion of Europe? Identify the famous battle fought between Germans and Canadians in Italy (page 144).

2. Read the section on D-Day and Liberation and carefully study the D-Day attack map on page 117. What two advantages did the Allied troops have on D-Day that the Canadians did not have at Dieppe? (pages 146-147). Identify the code name for the beach where the Canadians landed.


3. While the D-Day landing was successful, it would take almost a year to defeat Hitler’s Germany. Briefly describe the role played by Canadian troops in the liberation of the Netherlands. (page 147)

4. With the Soviet troops attacking from the east and the Americans,

Canadians and British from the wets, Hitler committed suicide in Berlin and shortly after, Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. Provide point form notes from the section entitled The Holocaust Discovered (top sections of pages 152).



5. What was the Manhattan Project and how would it eventually contribute to the surrender of Japan? (page 149)

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